Reading is one thing so is understanding what you read, there are some times when you need to read as fast as possible to cover up.
You can read with speed without understanding what you are reading you could end up like you never read.
The reason for this post is to help guide you on how you can improve your reading speed without losing the aim of the content you are reading.
Before you can speed up your reading abilities you have to know your average reading speed and work on how you can improve your reading speed accordingly.
Before we get started, this post is in two parts. It will teach how you can improve your reading speed effectively
1. Know your reading speed rate
It very important for you to know the average reading speeds when reading, it depends on which of the stages you are in.
For instance, an average college student reads between 200 and 300 words per minute (wpm) when they are given a task to read fiction and non-technical contents.
While you will see a strong reader read between 500 and 7000 words per minute and someone who is an excellent reader reading at 1000 words per minute.
This shows us that the average reader can be about five times slower than a good reader and an excellent reader can be ten times faster than an average reader.
If you fall under the average reader category then you must be ready to read to use different effective methods consistently in order to improve your reading speed.
Your reading speed depends on the type of content you are reading, the way you read, and the level of familiarity you have with the content.
Here is how we list how reading speed is calculated:
- A poor reader can read at 100 to 110 words per minute.
- An average reader can read at 200 to 240 words per minute
- A good reader can read at 300 to 400 words per minute
- An excellent reader can read at 700 to 1000 words per minute
- One thing to note is that ESL readers might find it difficult to read at a rate more than 200 to 300 words per minute when they are reading content that is not in their native tongue. It has been made known by different educators to ESL readers that they should try to read at a slower rate so as to be able to understand the context of the content.
2. Differentiate between the reading speed and reading comprehension rate
Before you begin on how to improve your reading speed you need to take note of the difference between your reading speed and reading comprehension rate.
This is very crucial because reading without really understanding is the same as not reading at all.
It’s sure that your reading comprehension abilities will decrease as your reading speed increases.
However, you have to strive to make balance so things can move forward.
The main reason for a lower comprehension rate with higher reading speed is the commonness of words, if you read words that you are not familiar with, you will find it hard to solve over a short period of time.
While speeding up your reading rate you will overlook some key words and begin to lose the meaning of the entire content.
The argument among linguistic experts has happened over the year over whether it’s important to improve your vocabulary and extend your exposure to other different types of words in order to improve your reading speed.
This is to help leverage the reading speed and the comprehension rate to bring in more notable knowledge over the content you’ve read.
3. Review your reading pace.
Decide your reading speed utilizing a training text and a timer. Make use of a book that is, in any event, five to ten pages in length on standard 8″ x 11″ paper.
- Count the number of words in five lines of the practice text. Divide this number of words by five and you will have the average number of words per line in the content. For instance: 70 words/5 lines = 14 words for each line.
- Count the number of text lines on five pages of the content and divide this number by five to decide the average number of lines per page. At that point, multiply the average number of lines per page by the average number of words per line and you will have the average number of words per page. For instance: 195 lines/5 pages = 39 lines for each page. 39 lines for every page x 14 words for each line = 546 words for every page.
- As soon as you have the average words per line and words per page, set a time for yourself while reading the content briefly. Attempt to read as quickly as possible, yet additionally, ensure you comprehend the ideas or point in each sentence.
- Then after a minute, put a stop to the reading process and tally the number of lines you read in one minute. Multiply the number of lines you read by the average words per line to decide your words per minute rate. For instance: You figured out how to read 26 lines in a single minute. 26 x 14 words for each line = 364 words each minute. Your wpm rate is 364 words per minute, which implies you are viewed as a good reader.
1. Quickening Your Reading Speed
Practice a rate develop exercise first. This section will assist you with figuring out how to understand material and process it all the more rapidly. The reason for this action is to rehash “old” material fast and to skim on to the new material until you can read and fathom it quicker. You will require a practice text that is at any rate 1-2 pages in length and a timer to watch.
- Set your timer for 60 seconds and attempt to read however much of the content as you can. Stop the timer once at 60 seconds.
- Start the timer at 60 seconds for the second time and read again from the starting point of the content. Attempt to read more material during this 60-second time span than you did in the first reading time frame.
- Repeat this action a third and a fourth time. Attempt to read a greater amount of the content during each exercise until you read a greater amount of the content during the fourth time.
2. Do a planned continued reading.
This is a more time taking activity where you will read the same short passage and over again until you improve your reading pace.
Remember your reading speed as you complete this activity and use it as a benchmark.
Attempt to improve your reading pace so it turns out to be quicker during each rereading moment.
- Start with a 100-word passage. Set your timer to two minutes.
- Attempt to read the passage multiple times during the two minutes. Focus on a reading speed of at least 200 words per minute.
- As soon as you can read the passage multiple times shortly, proceed onward to reading a 200-word section multiple times quickly.
- As you keep on doing this reading process, your reading pace ought to improve.
3. Make use of a ruler or pen as a marker or tracker on the page.
You might slow down when you read due to rehashing or regression, where you skirt back over a phrase or term because of a failure to follow the lines of text on the page.
To easily make your eye placement on the page more precise and effective, you can make use of a pen as a guide.
- Take hold of the pen in your predominant hand, with the cap on. Hold it under your hand, level against the page. Set the time for a minute.
- Make use of the pen to underline each line of text as you keep reading. Keep your eye set over the tip of the pen. The pen will go about as a valuable marker on the page and will assist you with keeping a predictable reading pace.
- Right at the end of one minute, do the calculation of your wpm dependent on the number of lines you read. Try to notice if your reading rate improves with the use of the pen.
4. Do whatever it takes not to talk with yourself as you read.
Numerous readers are fond of expressing the content as they read, where they move their lips and read words so anyone can hear.
You may likewise subvocalize, where you converse with yourself in your mind as you read quietly.
Both of these habits can hinder your reading rate, as talking is a moderately slow activity. The average talking rate is 250 wpm, which isn’t viewed as a quick reading rate.
- Try to limit your reading abilities so it includes just your eyes and your mind, instead of real discourse. Vocalization will slow down your reading abilities and make you attempt to do two things at a time, as opposed to focusing on the content.
- Poetry and plays are writings that are intended to be performed, so it tends to be difficult not to express as you read these writings. Indeed, expressing while you read these writings can assist you with understanding them better. You may discover speaking the dialogue in a play or a line of verse can improve your comprehension. Be that as it may, it will probably hinder your reading speed.
5. Review the content before you read the whole content
Let’s say that you are meaning to improve your reading speed and your reading comprehension rate, you can try doing a 30-60 second preview of the content before you starting reading the whole content.
- Begin by reading the title of the content, for example, the section title.
- Read and understand the headings and subheadings.
- Take a look at any stamped, emphasized, or bolded text.
- Look at any photos or illustration, just as any outlines or charts.
- Start by reading the first sentence of each section, especially the first sentence of the first and last passages of the content.
- When you have previewed the content, ask yourself: What is the fundamental idea of the content? What is the writer’s motivation for writing the content? What is the style of the writing: is it formal, informal, legal, medical? You should have the ability to respond to these essential questions on the off chance if that you preview the content appropriately.
6. Lump the content into segments.
Start by lumping the content into segments, chunking is the point at which you bunch words in the content into short, important phrases that are three to five words in length.
Instead of reading each word, and risking forgetting the starting point of a sentence when you get to the bottom of the sentence, you can piece the content into groups of words that will assist you with understanding the content rapidly and effectively.
Many instructors will use lumping in the classroom to assist students with understanding large texts.
You might be given a statement of purpose to direct you as you read through the content and search for explicit segments you can piece together.
- Remember that excessive chunking can limit or decrease your comprehension of the content. Attempt to make use of the statement of purpose given to you by your instructor to guide you as you chunk the content.
7. Be sure to read for a cause
When you have a goal in mind while reading it helps you understand the content you are reading.
It is advisable to have an inquisitive mind, ask questions and find answers to them.
This can help you improve your reading speed and alongside help you understand as you read.
Look at the content as if you were looking for answers to your questions or meaning to find a solution.
The heading of the content can also help you get the right question to ask, use the headings and subheadings as a question source, and the content as answers.
Be sure to find answers to your questions using the reference of contents and find deep meanings to unfamiliar words in the contents.
It will keep your focus on the important text while you are reading at a faster rate without disrupting the meaning of those unique words.
8. Work on difficult texts to improve your reading speed
As soon as you begin to improve your reading speed using assigned words out of a book that is notably considered best for your reading level.
You should continue by trying to vary the types of content you practice with to improve your reading speed.
When you vary your texts, you tend to broaden your vocabulary and help by saving you from rereading and pausing every minute to find the meaning of a word in the content.
There are contents that are needed to be read with caution, for example, medical material and legal material are meant to be read steadily not quickly.
It is important that you take time to read this type of content so as to understand the true meaning of the words.
It doesn’t mean you are slow it only means you are taking precautions.
Now that you have learned how to improve your reading speed, it’s time to take the test. Try by practicing the above steps one by one until they prove effective.
With this post, you will be sure to improve your reading speed in a good amount of time, although it might prove not to work instantly but will work as time goes.
Happy reading. Good Luck!